While choosing the most appropriate birth control method, couples need to consider effectiveness, safety, and availability. In this post, we will discuss different ways of birth control in Lithonia.
Intrauterine conception or IUD is a T-shaped structure that your doctor will embed within your uterus. It stops sperm from meeting the egg, thus preventing pregnancy. Chances of getting pregnant will be less than 1% in the case of IUD.
- Implant- It is a rod containing progestin that your doctor inserts under the skin of your upper arm. It releases hormones for three years, and its failure rate is 0.1%.
- Injection- Your doctor will inject progestin in your arm or buttocks every three months. But its failure rate is higher than implants, i.e., 4%.
- Combined oral contraceptives- These pills contain estrogen and progestin. Your doctor may prescribe you these pills, and it needs to be taken every day at the same time. Its failure rate is 7%.
- Progestin-only pill– Also called mini pill, these pills have only one hormone – progestin. Its failure rate is also 7%.
- Patch- You can place the patch on the buttocks, lower abdomen, or upper body(except breasts). You change the patch every week for three weeks. You do not place the patch in the fourth week to allow the menstrual period. Its failure rate is 7%.
- Vaginal contraceptive ring- You place the hormonal ring inside your vagina and keep it for three weeks. Remove it in the fourth week for the menstrual period, and then you put a new one in again next week. The failure rate is 7%.
Diaphragm or cervical cap, sponge, male condom, female condom, and spermicides are barrier methods. Their failure rate ranges from 17% to 27%.
Fertility Period Awareness
If you have a regular menstrual cycle, you are fertile for nine or more days. You can avoid intercourse during this period or use a barrier method in this period to prevent pregnancy.
Lactational Amenorrhea Method
You need to meet three conditions of Lactational amenorrhea to prevent pregnancy:
- Absence of menstrual period after delivery.
- Less than six months after delivery.
If you do not meet the three criteria, you must use an alternative birth control method.
Copper T-IUD inserted within five days of sexual intercourse and emergency contraceptive pills are emergency contraception methods that can help prevent pregnancy if you couldn’t take precautions before.
There are various birth control methods, so you can consult your doctor to know what would be best for you.