According to the latest findings published in Experimental Physiology, junk food can affect our blood sugar level similar to type 2 diabetes. In the present time, type 2 diabetes has been increasing all over the world at a rapid rate. Due to this, a person’s body doesn’t produce enough insulin and this results in the accumulation of sugar in the blood. This increase in the blood sugar level in the blood can damage organs such as Kidney and invite many severe diseases.
Scientists carried out research on animals to find out the effect of low insulin resistance and too much sugar or fat in the body. During an experiment on rats, junk food items such as cheese, chocolates, marshmallows, and biscuits were fed for 5 weeks. Then, the effect of junk food on blood sugar levels as well as different glucose transporters in the kidney was noticed. In the findings, it was found that certain types of glucose transporters, as well as proteins, were present in type 2 diabetic fats. And the increase in those receptors was also noticed due to high fat and junk food.
“The Western diet contains more and more processed junk food and fat, and there is a well-established link between excessive consumption of this type of food and recent increases in the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes”, a lead researcher quoted. “In our study, type 1 and type 2 diabetes both induce changes in glucose transport in the kidney, but junk food or a diet high in fat causes changes that are very similar to those found in type 2 diabetes.”
She further added, “A new treatment for diabetic patients constitutes blocking the glucose transporter in the kidney to reduce blood glucose levels”. “Understanding how diet can affect sugar handling in the kidneys and whether the inhibitors can reverse these changes could help to protect the kidneys from further damage.”